A client came to see me after she was told by someone, “the reason you cannot speak smoothly is because your tongue is too long.” Although, her tongue did not appear long upon investigation.
But, she did have two distinct characteristics.
(1)The hyoid bone is deep
(2)The stylopharyngeus muscle is tight
When the tongue was rolled it appeared to be sticking out forward, due to the above condition.
Let’s brush up.
Refer back to this information, if you need a review of the tongue the right position of the tongue root.
This is a transparent figure, displaying the tongue and the mandible bone.
The orange is the tongue which is located in the air and is bore by the hyoid bone. The red is actually the tongue root.
Many people think that the tongue root is located in the back of the tongue, but as we have previously discussed, that’s not true.
The purple is the muscle tendon junction. If this gets hard, it restricts movement of the tongue and makes it difficult speak smoothly.
The intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the tongue, do not intersect with any bones. The intrinsic muscle of the tongue is considered the main “body” of the tongue.
There are four muscles that make up the “intrinsic” muscle of the tongue. They are as follows:
(1)superior longitudinal muscle of tongue (2) inferior longitudinal muscle of tongue (3)transverse muscle of tongue (4)vertical muscle of tongue
There are also four muscles the make up the “extrinsic” muscles of the tongue. Which are as follows: (1)genioglossus muscle (2)hyoglossus muscle (3)styloglossus muscle (4)palatoglossus muscle
The genioglossus muscle is thought to be the most important. Although many medical books state that the palatoglossus muscle belongs to the oral muscles, but not the muscles of tongue.*
Speaking in broad terms about functionality, “the intrinsic muscles change the figure of the tongue” and “the extrinsic muscles changes the position of the tongue.”
Speaking in more detail about the extrinsic muscles, the genioglossus muscle has three important movements which are 1:sticking of the tongue 2:pulling of the tongue 3:extending the tongue.
The genioglossus muscle and hyoglossus muscle are depressor muscles, and the styloglossus muscle is used to elevates the tongue.
You know that the tongue is very important, and I would like you to understand the mechanics and acquire a smooth tongue and vocal movements.
If you know the proper functions of the tongue, you are able to comprehend and answer the question, “How does my tongue move?” or “How can I fix/train my tongue to speak smoother”?
Note: Please improve the blood circulation of the tongue to aid in speaking smoother. I recommend you massage along the muscle fibers of the genioglossus muscle, focusing over the skin. There are 2 methods, which are “the skin reduction method” and “the skin pushing method”. If you do this properly, this will work very well and show noticeable substantial improvements of smoother speaking qualities.