Vocal cord atrophy

The word ‘atrophy’ refers to gradually losing muscle or flesh, usually because of a disease or lack of use. Vocal cord atrophy is when the vocal fold atrophies or hardens, making it unable to function/work properly,
This can cause loss of voice volume, a hoarse voice, and/or hypertonic phonation. The issues can vary between partial or complete loss and control.
Symptoms to observe for:
1.The omohyoid muscle becomes stiff and is lifted up.
2.Larynx gets in a deep position.
3.Narrowing between the thyrohyoid bones and the thyroid cartilage.
4:Poor blood circulation of the superior laryngeal artery
5:Easy to get a dry throat and become thirsty.
Unfortunately you can never completely fix this, if you get vocal cord atrophy even once it is something you will have for life. Although the degrees of it can be treated and controlled, making it easy to cope with.

A figure of vocal cord atrophy.


Note1:Methods for treating vocal cord atrophy
1.Acquire flexibility of the musculus extrinsic laryngis
2.Improve blood circulation of superior laryngeal artery
3.Improve kinematic performance of the muscles relating to vocalization.
You might have vocal cord atrophy if your blood flow is less than 2.5cm/sec mearuring the pressure surrounding the superior laryngeal artery.


Note2:When measuring the blood flow’s pressure, please direct and place the probe at the area of the thyroid foramen. Many people find it difficult to find the blood vessel there, because it’s really small.


Injuring or rupturing the stylohyoid ligament

I’ve met people who feel and suffer pain under the right side of their jaw when massaging by themselves. This issue could be related to a rupturing of the stylohyoid ligament.
The symptoms are as follows:
1:Feeling a little pain in the throat 2:A strange sound made in the throat when swallowing 3:A strange sound made in the throat when letting out a low-pitched voice 4:Difficulty in letting out the voice 5:Feeling of choking.
I have determined this after examining several patients with the above symptoms, in which they either have pulled, strained or )in the worst) case ruptured the stylohyoid ligament.
One specific patient had the stylohyoid ligament ruptured in his throat. In that case I also determined the stylohyoid muscle was affected as well.
An injury such as that is challenging to see from the outside/exterior of the skin, but when I investigate particularly I can observe the following:
1.Visible dent in the part of the rupture 2.The position of the hyoid bone is not normal 3.Having marks of internal bleeding 4.Muscles are not symmetrical when vocalizing 5.Having LDP (larynx in a deepened position)
I usually tape the throat to support the digastric muscle in order to fix the symptoms and discomfort.
Please be careful if you massage by yourself to relieve muscle tension or stress.

guy bending his neck

Back muscles are more important than abdominal muscles for singing

I have examined and studied the muscle movements of 6 male test subjects, in how they move the diaphragm when taking breaths during singing as well as overall performance.
I asked 3 of the 6 males to focus on training and work-out only their abnormal muscles. I asked the other 3 to train and work-out only their back muscles everyday for 1 month.
Then I ran the experiment and observed their movements of breathing while each sang. As a result, the men who trained only their back muscles everyday were able to move the diaphragm better than the men who trained only their abdominal muscles.
Furthermore, when asked for feedback, the men who only did abdominal muscle training stated that, “The singing is no different than before training and working out.” One man even exclaimed, “I’m feeling a choking sensation now.” Whereas all the men who only did back muscle training stated, “I can sing easier than before.” As wells as, “I feel improvement in my breathing and more control when singing now.”
Those statements were supported after reviewing the data I took regarding their movements before and after their focused training in those specific muscle groups.
In conclusion, training the back muscles is better than training the abdominal muscles for singing. Overall performance and breathing had improved more when the back muscles had been trained daily and were in good condition.

exercise illustration - side crunch

exercise illustration - plank

Note1:The voice is made by vibrating air and the airflow is made by breathing. Breath is mainly worked by the diaphragm and the internal and external intercostal muscles.
The diaphragm is composed of muscles and the tendinous tissues in the lower ribs. The diaphragm is attached to the legs at the third lumbar vertebrae.

Note2:In this test, the subjects who did training only with their back muscles seemed to also have a better posture. If the erector spinae muscles get stronger, you will improve posture of the spine and in the diaphragm’s mobility. However, if you do sit-ups please be aware of the following: Doing the upward movement strains the muscles and gets the larynx in a deep position in the throat. I don’t recommend sit-ups being good work-out training for the throat for that reason.

The ideal shape of the thyroid cartilage for a Vocalist/Singer

Every individual person’s voice is different. I’ve seen, as well as examined, a lot of throats and can confidently say that this aspect of varied differences all depends on the shape of the person’s thyroid cartilage.
There is no good shape or bad shape when it comes to the thyroid cartilage, as long as you can let out your voice normally. However, throughout the years it has been determined that there is an ideal shape for great singing.
There are two conditions that must be met to be considered in having an ideal thyroid shape for great singing.
1:The thyroid cartilage size
The thyroid cartilage size must be big. Just like a piano, there are obvious differences between the sounds produced by an upright piano and a grand piano.
Having big thyroid cartilage can resonate the voice bigger, therefore the resonance chamber is also big. In turn, the larger size will result in stronger sound capability.
2:The thyroid cartilage shape
The angle of the thyroid cartilage is not too sharp, but also not too obtuse.
A male will generally have sharp thyroid cartilage. You usually see the shape on the throat and the thyroid cartilage easily. It is also big and heavy, having a long vocal fold assists in making a low-pitched voice.
Females usually have an obtuse and small thyroid cartilage. Having a short vocal fold assists in making a high-pitched voice.
A good angle for singing is approximately 60 degrees, like an equilateral triangle.
A good shape should appear to look as though the laryngeal prominence is slightly hidden for man and more visibly noticeable for a woman under the skin.
Furthermore, the vocal cord is flat fold. In the case of a male, if the thyroid cartilage is big and also the shape of an equilateral triangle, then the vocal fold would be short, thus making it easier to let out a high-pitched voice than a low-pitched voice. This is because the surface area is large. Resonance and sound would improve though.
In the case of female, if the thyroid cartilage is big and also in the shape of an equilateral triangle, then the vocal fold would be long and it would be easier to let out middle and low-pitched sounds.
Basically, females have small thyroid cartilage. This small size makes it easy to let out a high-pitched voice, and displays a wide range in medium to high pitch sounds.


Note1:You cannot change the shape of your thyroid cartilage, but you can have a great voice with a wide range if you improve the muscle’s activity relevant to vocalization.

Note2:Even if the thyroid cartilage is an ideal shape, the edge is either curved inside or widened outward. These make an individual’s voice different from others.
This kind of structural difference also changes the voice’s range. In conclusion, yes an ideal shape is great, just be aware that there is no ‘best shape.’ Perfect or best shape is a matter of opinion only and might not even exist.